Cypress is the simple name for all coniferous shrubs and trees belonging to the family “Cupressaceae” of northern temperate regions. The word Cypress originated from the old French vocabulary ‘Cipres.’ Species, mostly known as Cypresses includes:
- African Cypress (Widdringtonia species)
- Chinese swamp Cypress (Glyptostrobus pensilis)
- Japanese Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)
- Cordilleran Cypress (Austrocedrus chilensis)
- Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
- False Cypress (Chamaecyparis species)
- Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is a large columnar-shaped tree widely used in the Texas landscape and the Mediterranean region. Italian Cypress has the ability to grow to about 40-50 ft high or even more; however, it seldom exceeds 10ft in width. Primarily because of the spectacular shape of the Italian Cypress, it is used as an accent plant. Italian Cypress is an ideal plant to line driveways and entryways; its ability to soften tall buildings is a key benefit.
In addition to all these unique qualities, Italian Cypress can be planted in large pots to frame entryways and add elegance to the back patio or pool. Leaning on the Italian Cypress unique ability to grow nearly anywhere and adapt to different soil types and conditions, Italian Cypresses are indeed the best when it comes to adding beauty and elegance to a landscape.
Fabulous Benefits of the Italian Cypress
The Italian Cypress has a lot of economic and essential benefits, ranging from its essential oil to its wood. The essential oils derived from the Italian Cypress species have air freshening properties, which are often used for home fragrances. The leaves of the Italian Cypress plant are also used in the cosmetic industry for the production of shampoos and soaps with anti-seborrheic and anti-dandruff properties. Wood from the Italian Cypress tree is used to build furniture. For more info on these beautiful columnar trees click here.
Italian Cypress Zone
The elegant Italian Cypress prefers a hot, dry climatic condition and is extremely drought tolerant. Italian Cypress grows well in sun or partial shade in any well-draining soil. Italian Cypress does not thrive well in soggy, wet soil. The species is native to Greece, northern Iran, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. Italian Cypress can also be found growing in the entire Mediterranean region.
According to studies by Tucovic (1956) and Raddi and Panconeso (1989), Italian Cypress is tolerant of temperatures as low as -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degrees Celsius). However, Bannister and Neuner (2001) rate it’s hardiness only to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), zones 7-10. Cold hardiness limit between 14 degrees to 10 degrees Fahrenheit (-17.7degrees and -12.2 degrees Celsius).
The following are key points about Italian Cypress.
- Italian Cypress grow to about 40-50 ft tall and 10-20ft wide
- An ardent sun lover
- Tolerates drought
- Ideal as a specimen plant
- Low maintenance, no pruning required
- Native to Mediterranean region.