Aug 14, 2020 6:11 PM ET
iCrowd Newswire – Aug 14, 2020
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a digestive disorder that occurs when acidic stomach juices or food and fluids move back from the stomach up into the esophagus. GERD affects people of all ages—from infants to older adults.
According to specialists, GERD is a long-term condition where acid reflux more than twice a week. The American College of Gastroenterology says that at least 15 million Americans, or 20 percent of the American population, experience heartburn every day. You can consult the best gastroenterologist in Karachi for its treatment and information, through the Marham-a platform where you can find, contact, and consult doctors online and book an appointment.
GERD occurs more commonly in people who are obese and their fat increases pressure on their abdomen. It also occurs in pregnant women, due to the same increased pressure. Taking certain medications, including some asthma medications, calcium channel blockers, antihistamines, sedatives, and antidepressants also cause this condition. And smoking and being exposed to second-hand smoke also act as triggers for it.
In short, GERD occurs when the sphincter at the bottom of the esophagus becomes weak or opens when it should not. Hence, it allows the fluids inside the stomach to moves backward, which is not a normal condition.
People with GERD face symptoms like nausea or vomiting heartburn, the sour taste of mouth, burping, nausea, bad breath, respiratory problems, difficulty, or pain when swallowing.
It can be diagnosed by performing different tests recommended by your health professional. For example, X-ray of the upper digestive system to check for any physical abnormality, Endoscopy (examines the inside of the esophagus, a small sample is also taken for biopsy), Ambulatory acid (pH) test (monitors the amount of acid in the esophagus), Esophageal impedance test (measures the movement of substances in the esophagus).
Different medicines are prescribed for the treatment of GERD. Proton pump inhibitors are the most used pharmaceutical class of medicines that are used for GERD. They control acid production in the stomach. Similarly, antacids are also used for the treatment of this disease.
Home remedies are also used to control the acidity in this condition. Use of Psyllium, yogurt, fennel, caraway, mint, ginger tea, etc. are some common home remedies to treat GERD and acidity.
Moreover, certain foods should be avoided that trigger acidity like oily foods, spicy foods, chocolate, coffee, black tea, foods containing tomato products, alcoholic drinks, and sometimes milk and dairy products.
Similarly, certain lifestyle changes can also help in treating GERD. Like the sleep-wake cycle should be normal, take breakfast in the morning, limit meal size, and do not overeat, do exercise and walk, lose weight, decrease caffeine intake. Etc.
If left untreated it may cause many problems like Esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), Esophageal stricture (In this condition, the esophagus becomes narrow, making it difficult to swallow), Barrett’s esophagus(The cells lining the esophagus can change into cells similar to the lining of the intestine. This can develop into cancer) and Respiratory problems. It is possible to breathe stomach acid into the lungs, which can cause many health issues including chest congestion, hoarseness, asthma, laryngitis, and pneumonia.
For further information, you can contact the best gastroenterologist in Karachi through Marham. In this pandemic, you can also contact the best health specialists in Pakistan through Marham mobile app and website and consult them online.